In a legal context a property is one or more demarcated areas on the ground. All land in the country is divided into properties and all of them have a particular designation within the municipality. Buildings, forests, water etc. can all belong to a property.
In the courts several different types of cases and matters occur concerning property. Among these, of particular note:
Dispute over property purchase. The dispute can, for example, concern a seller’s responsibility regarding hidden faults. These disputes are heard in a District Court in the first instance. Read more under "Dispute".
Dispute over rent. These disputes can be heard in certain cases by a District Court and in other cases by a rent mediation tribunal. Read more under "rent issues".
Cases concerning permits for operations on waterworks and operations which are harmful to the environment as well as damages and compensation issues with environmental ties. These cases were earlier handled by environment courts, but since 2 May 2011 are handled by Land and Environment courts. Read more under "Land and Environment Courts".
Cases in accordance with planning and building laws. The case can, for example, concern permits for building, demolition or site improvement. These cases were previously handled firstly by administrative courts, but since 2 May 2011 firstly by Land and Environment Courts. Read more under "Land and Environment Courts".
Cases in accordance with Property Registration Law as well as expropriation cases. These cases were earlier handled by property courts, but since 2 May 2011 are handled by Land and Environment Courts. Read more under "Land and Environment Courts".