The Judicial System
The judicial system is the name usually given to the authorities and agencies responsible for law and order and for legal security.
It is the express purpose of the judicial system to uphold due process and the legal rights of the individual. The goal of criminal policy is to increase public security through the prevention of crime.
The Swedish Judiciary, which comprises some 80 different agencies and boards, is an important part of the judicial system. It is vital that the courts remain independent and free from the control of Parliament, Government and other authorities. The judicial system also includes crime prevention agencies and authorities with an investigative role, such as the Swedish Police, the Prosecution Authority and the Swedish Economic Crime Authority as well as the Prison and Probation Service, the National Board of Forensic Medicine and Swedish Customs. Other authorities may also carry on work related to the judicial system, such as the Enforcement Authority (link opens in a new window).
The Ministry of Justice
The Ministry of Justice bears the responsibility of the Government Offices for these judicial authorities and also for legislation in the areas of civil law, constitutional law, procedural law and penal law. The Government website contains information on Government policy and decisions as well as Bills, commission of inquiry reports etc. Read more on www.regeringen.se (link opens in a new window).
Other authorities within the judicial system
The National Council for Crime Prevention (BRÅ)
BRÅ produces data and disseminates knowledge about crime and the work of crime prevention. BRÅ also produces Sweden's official crime statistics, evaluates reforms, conducts research and provides support to local crime prevention work. BRÅ's website is a repository of crime statistics as well as information on crime development and crime prevention. Read more on www.bra.se (link opens in a new window).
The Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority
If an offender lacks the means to pay damages or if a perpetrator is unknown, and if there is no insurance to cover injuries, a victim may be entitled to criminal injuries compensation from State funds. This compensation is intended primarily for personal injury and the violation of personal integrity. The Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority makes decisions on this form of compensation, is responsible for the Crime Victim Fund and serves as a Centre of Competence in issues relating to crime victims. Read more on www.brottsoffermyndiqheten.se (link opens in a new window).
The Swedish Economic Crime Authority
The Swedish Economic Crime Authority (EBM) is an agency specializing in the combating of economic crime. The task of EBM is to anticipate, detect, prevent, investigate and prosecute economic crime. Its activities are focused on serious economic crime and on "everyday crime". EBM is the driving and unifying force in the fight against economic crime. Read more on www.ekobrottsmyndigheten.se (link opens in a new window).
The Prison and Probation Service
The Prison and Probation Service covers probation, remand prisons and prisons. Probation deals with non-custodial sanctions, such as probation sentences. It also monitors clients through intensive supervision (electronic ankle tag). Remand prisons are for those suspected of a crime and prisons for those who have received a custodial sentence. Read more on www.kriminalvarden.se (link opens in a new window).
The Swedish Police
The Swedish Police prevents crime, upholds public order and safety, and engages in surveillance and criminal investigations. The Swedish Police website provides information on its work, with reports, documents, forms, news and press releases, as well as contact details to all the police authorities throughout Sweden. Read more on www.polisen.se (link opens in a new window).
The National Board of Forensic Medicine
The National Board of Forensic Medicine (RMV) is a central administrative authority for forensic psychiatry, forensic medicine, forensic toxicology and forensic genetics and has approximately 350 employees. RMV has ten departments around the country. Read more on www.rmv.se (link opens in a new window).
The Prosecution Authority
The role of Swedish prosecutors is to lead and direct the preliminary investigations of crime, to make decisions on prosecution issues and to appear in court to process actions in criminal cases. The Prosecution Authority consists of 43 local public prosecution offices, the Office of the Prosecutor-General and four national development centres. The website www.aklagare.se (link opens in a new window) contains information about the work of prosecutors, the activities of the Prosecutor-General in the Supreme Court and press releases etc.
The Swedish Coast Guard, the Swedish Tax Agency and Swedish Customs
Other authorities which serve as links in the judicial chain are the Swedish Coast Guard (link opens in a new window), the Swedish Tax Agency (link opens in a new window) and Swedish Customs (link opens in a new window).