If you are dissatisfied with the final judgment made by the district court, it is possible in most cases to appeal to the court of appeal. The court of appeal is actually the second instance on issues relating to criminal cases, contentious cases and other judicial issues that have already been dealt with the by a district court. However, in certain cases, 'leave to appeal' (permission) is required for the court of appeal to consider an appeal.
Where are the courts of appeal located?
There are six courts of appeal in Sweden; Svea Court of Appeal in Stockholm, Göta Court of Appeal in Jönköping, the Scania and Blekinge Court of Appeal in Malmö, the Court of Appeal for Western Sweden in Gothenburg, the Court of Appeal for Southern Norrland in Sundsvall and the Court of Appeal for Northern Norrland in Umeå.
Each of the six courts of appeal has a geographical catchment area - a court district - which can vary from covering five district courts to twenty for Svea Court of Appeal, which is the largest.
Who do you come into contact with at the courts of appeal?
There are approximately 650 people working at the courts of appeal - heads of division, judges of appeal, associate judges of appeal, reporting clerks, court of appeal clerks and court secretaries.
Each court of appeal is divided into a number of departments, two or more, each one headed by a Head of Division or the President.
Judges of appeal and associate judges of appeal work as judges, while reporting clerks present cases, conduct legal investigations and keep the records. The chancery staff deal, among other things, with the dispatch of notices to attend hearings and the dispatch of documents and decisions. In certain cases, both reporting clerks and chancery staff prepare cases for determination.
There are approximately 600 lay judges linked to the courts of appeal. They are appointed by the county councils and their function is to participate in the work with adjudicating in various issues and they are appointed for four years at a time.
Svea Court of Appeal - supreme instance for the special courts
Svea Court of Appeal, besides its ordinary functions as a court of appeal for its district, is also responsible for appeals regarding certain special kinds of cases, among other things, those from the regional rent tribunals. The Land and Environmental Court of Appeal is also part of the Svea Court of Appeal, and determines appeals from all the Land and Environmental Courts.