The administrative courts deal with cases, relating among other things to disputes between private persons and the authorities.
This might, for example, relate to a tax case, aliens and nationality cases, a dispute with the Swedish Social Insurance Agency, the municipality or the social welfare committee. The administrative court also makes decisions upon applications for the taking into care of, for example, young people or substance abusers.
Who do you come into contact with at the administrative courts?
There are judges, clerks, officers presenting matters and administrative personnel working at the administrative courts. Lay judges also participate in the adjudicative operation and they are appointed by the county council assembly of the county in question.
The composition of the administrative court may vary somewhat depending upon the kind of case that is being dealt with. In most cases, there is one legally qualified judge and three lay judges, who determine the final outcome together. If it is a dispute where the legality of a municipal decision is to be reviewed or a dispute concerning real property tax assessment, two so-called 'special members', and in tax assessment cases also a valuation technical expert member, will also participate in the final judgment.
Typical cases at the administrative courts
More than 500 different kinds of cases are dealt with by the administrative courts. For example:
- Tax cases - if you wish to appeal against a decision regarding, for example, income, wealth or property tax, a VAT decision or other decision made by the Swedish Tax Agency.
- Cases under the Social Services Act - may, for example, relate to decisions concerning social allowance and other decisions made by the social welfare committee of a municipality.
- Social insurance cases - disputes with the Swedish Social Insurance Agency in matters relating to occupational injury compensation, parental benefit or, for example, car allowance for people with a disability.
- LVU cases (Cases under the Care of Young Persons (Special Provisions) Act) - often relate to whether the administrative court should decide that a minor needs to be taken into compulsory care outside her or his own home.
- LVM cases (Cases under the Care of Abusers (Special Provisions) Act) - relate to whether the administrative court should decide on compulsory care for substance abusers.
- Psychiatric cases - deal with issues relating to compulsory mental care and forensic mental care.
- Review of legality under the Local Government Act - relates to having a decision made by a municipality or county council reviewed, a right that every member of the municipality has in Sweden.
- Aliens and nationality cases - if you wish to appeal against a decision made by the Swedish Migration Board regarding, for instance, deportation or refusal of entry or a rejection of an application for Swedish nationality. Only the Administrative Courts in Stockholm, Malmö and Gothenburg are Migration Courts, which consider these cases.
- Other cases - can relate to driving licence intervention, licences to serve alcohol, or issues relating to the Animal Welfare Protection Act. Cases with EC law implications, for example, cases concerning public procurement or subsidies within agriculture, are also dealt with by the administrative courts.